Database has been designed with non-identifying relations with natural keys where possible. This reduces the number of required joins to denormalise schema for consumption and thus increases read performance at a slightly increased storage utilisation.
An example would be the use of
@@SERVERNAME as a
snapshot_time in all tables rather than numerical IDs.
This allows us to simply query the data table applying where clause on server and time, instead of joining back to the time and server tables to get the actual values.
snapshot_time is stored as 6 bytes long
datatime2(0) so not much bigger than 4 byte long
integer if we were to use identity field.
sql_instance however is stored as
varchar(32) as the server name can be made of 15 characters host name and 17 characters instance name.